Carbon negative biofuels from organic waste
The CARBIOW project will help Europe to take the lead in energy and transport sector decarbonization.
An extraordinary multidisciplinary and multinational team will work together over the next 42 months to develop innovative and sustainable processes to produce aviation and marine biofuels from organic waste with negative carbon emissions.
CARBIOW (Carbon Negative Biofuels from Organic Waste) is a Research and Innovation Action funded by the European Union under the Horizon Europe Programme that addresses green transition and circular economy by proposing novel technologies that cover the whole process of conversion of organic waste to biofuels together with carbon fixation in cement-based materials (negative emission).
The goal of CARBIOW is to establish an efficient and scalable process to convert the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) and other hard-to-utilize solid organic wastes to biofuels with the following key targets:
- Establishing a new pre-treatment process of OFMSW where a cleaner, denser, carbon-rich, dry, and homogenous solid biofuel is produced.
- Utilization of pure oxygen (nitrogen-free gas) in combustion and gasification to produce clean syngas.
- Carbonization of gasification ashes with CO2 through innovative carbonation techniques to decarbonize the cement industry and address carbon negativity.
- Production of Fischer-Tropsch fuels for the maritime and aviation industry.
The ambition of CARBIOW closely contributes to the key aspects of sustainable development, green transition, and (bio)circular economy by:
- Establish novel techniques such as torrefaction for organic waste pre-treatment and clean biofuel production.
- Boost novel technology advancement in oxy-conversion of waste biofuels.
- Valorization of OFMSW as a reliable, abundant, and secured source of biomass; besides boosting collaboration to establish a true bioeconomy.
- Decarbonization of hard-to-abate sectors like aviation and maritime.
- Decarbonization of large industries, such as cement, through CO2 fixation by promoting innovative and efficient techniques and generation of new negative carbon footprint mineral feedstocks.